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  • Fisheries

Fisheries

What is fishery?

As it consists of raising or harvesting fishes, this activity is always determined by authorities to be a fishery. According to Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN), a fishery is typically defined in terms of the "people involved, species or type of fish, area of water or seabed, method of fishing, class of boats, purpose of the activities or a combination of the foregoing features". The definition often includes a combination of fish and fishers or fishermen in a region, the latter fishing for similar species with similar gear types.

Fisheries can be marine (saltwater) or freshwater. They can also be wild or farmed. Wild fisheries are sometimes called capture fisheries that exist primarily in the oceans, and particularly around coasts and continental shelves. They also exist in lakes and rivers. As a contrast to wild fisheries, farmed fisheries can operate in sheltered coastal waters, in rivers, lakes and ponds, or in enclosed bodies of water such as tanks. Farmed fisheries are technological in nature, and revolve around developments in aquaculture.

Directly or indirectly, the livelihood of over 500 million people in developing countries depends on fisheries and aquaculture. Overfishing, including the taking of fish beyond sustainable levels, is reducing fish stocks and employment in many regions around the world. Many reports, including the reports by Price Charles’ International Sustainability Unit (ISU), the New York-based Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) published in July 2014, estimated global fisheries were adding US$270 billion a year to global GDP, but by full implementation of sustainable fishing, that figure could rise by as much as US$50 billion.

MDACI’s experts analyses concluded that this additional figure of US$50 billion can be reached by mechanizing the fishery industry of developing countries, which is very poor and still based on very old and traditional fishing methods. The modernization of the fishery industry in these regions can create more than 10 million new jobs and contribute significantly to the eradication of poverty, environmental development and protection and reduce the risk of climate change. Our studies has shown that 90% of the inland regions of many African countries have no regularly supply of fish due poor absences of sustainable power supply, industrial and commercial refrigeration storages or warehouses and technologies, advanced transport system from the coastal regions to the consumers in the inland regions. The available fishes in these regions are only accessible to 10% of the inland populations.

 

Types of fisheries

There are many types of fisheries, which include:

      • Commercial fishery;

      • Recreational fishery; and

      • Subsistence fishery.

These types of fisheries can be saltwater, freshwater, wild or farmed. Close to 90% of the world's fishery catches come from oceans and seas, as opposed to inland waters.

There are species fisheries worldwide for finfish, mollusks, crustaceans, and echinoderms, and by extension, aquatic plants such as kelp. However, a very small number of species support the majority of the world's fisheries. Some of these species are herring, cod, anchovy, tuna, flounder, mullet, squid, shrimp, salmon, crab, lobster, oyster and scallops.

 

Services

Besides the modern technologies (fishing boats, fishnets, drones, underwater camera monitoring systems, etc.) and other advanced technologies for processing and preservation of fishery and other marine productions, including laboratories, we develop and supply to our worldwide clients, MDACI is also engaged in the development of innovative solutions for advanced fisheries management, implementing sustainability, habitat protection and restoration worldwide.

 

Sustainable fisheries

MDACI’s international team of experts are committed to improving the management of marine resources by providing the necessary modern technologies, equipment and tools worldwide and advanced training to marine managers who do not have a fisheries background, wishing to integrate elements of fisheries management into their work. Our training courses and manuals It describes the most advanced fisheries management, knowledge and know-how you need in achieving your objectives, as fisher or fisherman, conservation practitioner, marine manager or fishery businessman. We also offer the best and most accurate suggestions on how to overcome some challenges in fisheries management. ​

It is obvious that applying and ecosystem approach to fisheries requires a combination of strategies and tools tailored to specific fisheries and their political and socioeconomic context. An ecosystem approach can be implemented in collaboration with a range of partners including governments, fishers, industry, and local communities. These strategies include:

      • Establishing networks of marine protected areas that serve as refuge for species and protect critical habitats – such as important fish spawning areas – so that fish stocks can recover;

      • Restoring important habitats – such as oyster reefs and clam beds – that provide not only shellfish harvests to people, but also form important habitats for fish and other marine creatures;

      • Partnering with fishers to improve our understanding of the interconnections between species and ecosystems – so that licensing, regulations, monitoring regimes, and fishing gear can be refined to minimize the damage to ecosystems;

      • Reducing the number of boats and fishing quotas for specific species in agreement with local communities and fishers;

      • Helping give local communities more say and control over their marine resources, providing the needed incentive to manage fish stocks for future generations; and

      • Putting in place economic policies and instruments that give fishers incentives to reduce fleet sizes and damaging gear, and that reward responsible fishing practices.

 

Habitat Protection and Restoration

From shellfish reefs, sea grasses and kelp beds to mangroves, coral reefs and salt marsh estuaries – coastal ecosystems are vitally important to people around the world, providing food and jobs as well as protecting communities from storm damage.

Some habitats, like coral and shellfish reefs, are especially important to ocean health and human well-being. These habitats are also extremely threatened: Globally 85% of oyster reefs have been lost and 70% of coral reefs are threatened.

The Nature Conservancy works to keep marine habitats healthy, while bringing degraded ones back to life. We work with international partners as provide below to contribute to the restoration of important marine habitat across the worlds. Through our coral reef resilience program and our global shellfish restoration work our goal is to increase the protection of 35% of the world’s coral reefs and 80% of oyster reefs.

 

International organisations involved in IUU and related fish crimes issues:

COMABTING FISHERIES CRIMES

Organisations

Roles

FAO

Fishery Management and IUU

WTO

International Trade

UNODC

Organised crime

ILO

Human and Labour right

IMO

Shipping Regulation

WCO

Customs compliance and enforcement

Interpol

Facilitates international police cooperation

RFMOs

Fisheries management and governance

OECD

Sustainable economy

 

Technology innovation for sustainable fisheries development

The sustainable management of ocean and coastal areas must be undertaken at scales large enough to protect biodiversity and entire ecosystem processes while also addressing the competing resource demands for infrastructure, commerce, social services, water, energy, agriculture, and recreation. Therefore, we, at MDACI, are supporting and the promoting the development and construction of a hydronaut by Mr. Matyas Sanda and his working group. MDACI’s experts is closely interested in this private project, whose functional capabilities may be extended to protect biodiversity, enhance fisheries, improve ocean and coastal area-based management, promote the practical application of ecosystem-based management, which is the integrated, sustainable management of the full suite of human activities occurring in large, spatially defined areas.

      • Surrounding nets (including purse seines);
      • Seine nets (including beach seines and boat, scottish/danish seines);
      • Trawl nets (including bottom: beam, otter and pair trawls, and midwater trawls;
      • Grappling and wounding gears (including harpoons, spears, arrows, etc.); and
      • Stupefying devices.
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